Caerphilly Planning Committee will consider proposals for conversion of outbuildings at Ruperra next week
Caerphilly Planners have recommended that controversial planning applications to turn outbuildings next to Ruperra Castle into a residential community be approved at a Planning Committee meeting next Wednesday.
It has been three years since the current owners applied to convert outbuildings and change their use to a private residential development with no proposals for the preservation of Ruperra Castle.
Ruperra Castle is a grade of the Grade 2* Listed Castle and Registered gardens and parkland, currently a ruin at risk of collapse, which has played a big part in the history of South East Wales.
Planners have recommended all four applications be approved subject to a long list of detailed conditions requiring prior approval. The decision will be taken by Caerphilly Councillors at a Planning Committee meeting on 28 September at 17:00.
Read the reports and watch the meeting live
The Ruperra Castle Preservation Trust want to ensure a better future for Ruperra Castle, and the precious listed surrounding buildings and gardens, and are campaigning to secure them to use for community benefit. The Trust believes a structural survey and repair schedule for the Castle and a holistic estate masterplan are needed before any decisions are taken on separate parts of the site.
They object to the current applications submitted in 2019 as:
A Ruperra Castle Preservation Trust spokesperson said “Thank you to the 85 organisations and individuals who objected. We know the community will be disappointed in these recommendations as the proposals would not generate the scale of resources needed to preserve the Castle and do not enhance the biodiversity of the area. The applications are premature in the absence of a comprehensive plan for the whole site. This proposed development conflicts with overarching Caerphilly Local Development Plan policies, comprising inappropriate development within open countryside and in a Special Landscape Area. With up to 36 people living in these apartments it would result in urbanisation of an otherwise rural setting. However, we are full of hope that the Planning Committee will make the right decision and refuse these plans on 28 September, giving the opportunity for a different future for this unique site and our heritage.”
The Ruperra Castle Preservation Trust was saddened to hear of the passing of Mark Girouard on the 16 August 2022. Mark was the acclaimed architectural historian and author of many famous books including the best-selling “Life in the English Country House”. When Ruperra Castle was threatened by unsympathetic development in 2008 (thankfully refused on appeal with his help, and that of other experts) he wrote of its importance:
“Ruperra Castle is not only one of the comparatively few outstanding Elizabethan and Jacobean country houses in Wales; it belongs to the very small and precious group of buildings expressing in architectural form the
cult of chivalry which is one of the most remarkable features of the period.
The cult first reached impressive expression in 1580, when Sir Philip Sidney, the 'parfait knight' of the Elizabethan age, staged a mock siege of the Queen, ensconced for the occasion in a pageant 'Castle of Perfect Beauty' at Whitehall. For the next fifty years or so a lavish series of tilts, pageants, fireworks displays, and masques staged by monarch or courtiers used the language of chivalry to symbolize and encourage devotion to the Crown, or celebrate dynastic marriages. Mimic castles frequently featured in these, along with tilting knights in armour. The cult spilled over into portraits of Elizabethan and Jacobean noblemen dressed for tilting, and appeared in literature, most notably in Philip Sidney’s best-selling romance The Arcadia, and Spenser's Faerie Queene, an allegorical celebration of Elizabeth and the knights who served her.
Pageant castles had a history going back well into the Middle Ages. Neither then, nor in the Elizabethan or Jacobean periods, was any attempt made to make them resemble real castles. They were there to symbolize an attitude or frame of mind, and were meant to evoke the legendary days of King Arthur and his Round Table as much as, or more than, contemporary warriors and fortifications. Of their nature they were ephemeral, put up for a particular occasion and often taken down again without any kind of visual record being made. But the attitude of mind behind them spilled over into a group of more permanent buildings, above all actual country houses dressed up as 'castles' of the same symbolic nature as the pageant structures, and not built with any idea of being defensible.
The surviving group is a very small one, and all the more valuable for that:
They may all relate to the great tilt which was held at Wilton in Wiltshire in 1604, to celebrate the marriage of William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke (the nephew of Philip Sidney) to Alathea Talbot (the niece of Sir Charles
Cavendish of Bolsover). Thomas Morgan of Ruperra made his fortune as steward to the Earls of Pembroke, was a trustee of the marriage settlement, must have been present at the tournament and may well have participated in it, and was to be knighted at Wilton by James I when he came there on progress in 1623.
Ruperra relates especially closely to Lulworth, in its configuration of four round comer towers, and In Its distinctive windows, with tall, thin arched lights. It is possible that the notable Arnold family, mason architects living at Charlton Musgrove in Somerset, may have worked there. William Arnold was the trusted employee of Robert Cecil, Earl of Salisbury, and his brother Godfrey was the chief mason at Lulworth; the way in which the central lights of the Ruperra windows are carried up above buildings in Dorset connected with the Arnolds, and their distinctive detail is found on its porch and surviving arches. In contrast to the Gothic echoes of towers and windows, the porch is of exquisite classical design; such a mixture of classical and Gothic is typical of the cult of chivalry, which drew its inspiration from heroes of classical, as well as medieval and mythical, times.
The importance of Lulworth Castle, gutted and ruinous after a fire, was recognised when English Heritage acquired and restored it. If Ruperra Castle were to be allowed to decay beyond hope of restoration it would be a tragic loss to the architectural heritage of Wales.”
Read Mark Girouard’s obituary
Ruperra Castle has played a big part in the history of South East Wales but is currently a ruin at risk of collapse. Join the Ruperra Castle Preservation Trust at Ruperra Home Farm to find out more about its interesting past:
• Guided walk to take in views of the Castle*
• Free copies of our walking map
• Archery with the Marcher Stuarts re-enactments
• Build a Lego castle
• Purchase historical books about the Castle, Ruperra perry and pear jam.
Please select the number of tickets you need to include the number of people attending with you. Both walks will start and finish at Ruperra Home Farm:
• Short walk at 12:00 and 15:00 – this walk will last around 50 minutes along fairly flat but uneven ground and will take in views of the Castle.
• Long walk at 11:00 and 14:00 – this walk will take one hour and 20 minutes and will take in views of the Castle, as well as walking to the top of the Iron Age hillfort and motte on Coed Craig Ruperra to absorb the breath-taking views over the Bristol channel. Walkers should be fit enough to walk an ascent of 100m.
Help Ruperra Castle Preservation Trust save Ruperra Castle and surrounding buildings and gardens by campaigning to secure them to use for community benefit, and to ensure a better future for our precious local heritage.
*Please note that you can’t visit the Castle as it is privately owned and a dangerous ruin. The walks will take in views of the Castle.
Mae Castell Rhiwperra wedi chwarae rhan fawr yn hanes De Ddwyrain Cymru, ond ar hyn o bryd mae'n adfail sydd mewn perygl o gwympo. Ymunwch ag Ymddiriedolaeth Cadwraeth Castell Rhiwperra yn Fferm Gartref Rhiwperra i ddarganfod mwy am ei orffennol diddorol:
• Teithiau cerdded i fwynhau golygfeydd o'r Castell *
• Copïau am ddim o'n map cerdded
• Saethyddiaeth gyda'r Marcher Stuarts yn ail-greu
• Adeiladwch gastell Lego
• Prynwch lyfrau hanesyddol am y Castell, Perai Rhiw'r Perrai a jam gellyg.
Dewiswch nifer y tocynnau sydd eu hangen arnoch i gynnwys nifer y bobl sy'n dod gyda chi. Bydd y ddwy daith yn cychwyn ac yn gorffen yn Ruperra Home Farm:
• Taith gerdded fer am 12:00 a 15:00 – bydd y daith hon yn para tua 50 munud ar hyd tir gweddol lefel ond anwastad a bydd yn cynnwys golygfeydd o’r Castell.
• Taith hir am 11:00 a 14:00 - bydd y daith hon yn cymryd awr ac 20 munud ac yn cynnwys golygfeydd o'r Castell, yn ogystal â cherdded i ben bryngaer a mwnt Oes yr Haearn ar Goed Craig Rhiw'r Perrai i fwynhau’r golygfeydd syfrdanol dros sianel Bryste. Dylai cerddwyr fod yn ddigon ffit i gerdded esgyniad o 100m.
Helpwch Ymddiriedolaeth Cadwraeth Castell Rhiwperra i achub Castell Rhiwperra a’r adeiladau a’r gerddi cyfagos trwy ymgyrchu i’w diogelu er mwyn eu defnyddio er budd y gymuned, ac i sicrhau gwell dyfodol ar gyfer ein treftadaeth leol werthfawr.
* Noder os gwelwch yn dda nad ydych yn gallu ymweld â’r Castell gan ei fod yn eiddo preifat ac yn adfail peryglus. Bydd y teithiau cerdded yn cynnwys golygfeydd o'r Castell.
We are keen to recruit additional Trustees to ensure effective direction and governance of our activities in line with the Trust’s charitable purposes and to help save Ruperra Castle and surrounding buildings and gardens and ensure a better future for our precious local heritage.
This is an opportunity to share your skills and experience to save important Welsh history and work with a team of experienced, committed and passionate Trustees. Find out more about our current Trustees
Ideally you should be based in South Wales and be able to offer up to 6 hours a month, including attending Trust meetings held on Zoom or in Caerphilly/Cardiff and other related meetings and events. This is a voluntary position and we are looking for Trustees that can bring lots of enthusiasm. Relevant interest and experience in the following areas would be of particular benefit:
Please send an expression of interest with a brief outline of relevant experience to: firstname.lastname@example.org by 9 September 2022. We are happy to have a chat to answer any questions you may have in advance.
Find out more about the Ruperra Castle Preservation Trust
Next year - 2023 - will be the 400th anniversary of the knighting of Thomas Morgan of Machen by King James I.
Many Welsh gentry had been rewarded for their support of Henry Tudor when he became king in 1485. Amongst these were the powerful Herbert family, Earls of Pembroke. Thomas Morgan of Machen was a relative of theirs and later became Steward at their home at Wilton House. Although he was kept busy conducting important administrative tasks for the Herbert family in many parts of England, Thomas House he would have absorbed the atmosphere of the European Renaissance at Wilton.
Gathered at Wilton House were brilliant men and women of the age; astronomers, explorers, architects, playwrights, artists, and poets, including some sensitive people who were inclined to look back, as we all do, at the years of their youth, and sometimes to historical ancient or mediaeval times. During Thomas Morgan’s time at Wilton visitors included King James I and his Danish wife Anna and, no doubt, authors like Philip and Mary Sidney, Edmund Spenser, William Shakespeare, and Ben Jonson, as well as Inigo Jones.
The father of Inigo Jones was a poverty stricken, unemployed Welsh cloth worker, who made his way from the beautiful mountains of Meirionydd to London to seek greater opportunities for himself and his family. Having been apprenticed as a carpenter, Inigo’s genius was recognised by the Herbert family, who probably financed his travels to Europe to learn about new Renaissance architecture. Inigo became the first British person to be called an ‘architect’ and was appointed Surveyor of Works to Henry, Prince of Wales in 1611.
Inigo and Ben Jonson would often write the scripts for the popular ‘Jacobean masques’ or ‘pageants’ that visitors to Wilton House loved to watch and sometimes take part in. In 1623 a special masque written by Ben and Inigo was held at Wilton House after King James I had knighted Thomas Morgan of Machen. There would probably also have been a banquet, a joust and dancing. Later the same masque was performed at the Royal Court.
It was Inigo who made the moveable scenery, which was painted on canvas sailcloth. Some of the scenery looked like mediaeval fancy castles. Unfortunately for us, it was often thrown away after the event, but Inigo’s ideas for the scenery made him famous. Although some rich people built imitation mediaeval ‘pageant’ castles, which were very fashionable at the time, today there are only four such buildings left in the whole of Britain, including Ruperra Castle.
Many Welsh gentry built other kinds of houses in England at this time, but Sir Thomas chose to build his in Wales. His wife Mary (who was related to the Lewis’ family of Y Fan, Caerphilly) had inherited her family’s medieval house and land at Ruperra. Sir Thomas decided to build a new home on the site, to a design in keeping with his newly acquired status as a Knight of the Realm. Ruperra Castle was completed in 1626 and there are many theories about its designer but in any case, the new castle embodied Inigo Jones’ modern ideas. As the times were more settled, Ruperra did not need to be defended from attack and the brick-built chimney blocks, the towers and the large windows of the beautiful friendly castle now reflected the soothing green countryside, gardens, and woodlands around.
A few weeks after Sir Thomas died in 1645, King James I and Anna’s son, King Charles I stayed at Ruperra Castle, known as the ‘only building fit for a king’ in South Wales. He came to South Wales while drumming up support from Royalists towards the end of the Civil War.
Our vision is to protect Ruperra Castle and the environmental surroundings of this historic site from inappropriate development. We urge everyone with an interest in securing the future of Ruperra Castle to work together so we have something to celebrate by the time of the 400th anniversary in 2026. Read our vision
Thank you to everyone that came to see us at Machen Show on Saturday 2 July. It was wonderful to meet new people and hear about their support for Ruperra Castle.
We registered new members of the Ruperra Castle Preservation Trust. Find out more about membership which provides you with monthly updates about the work of the Trust and opportunities to get more involved with our campaign to save the Castle.
We also sold our historical books about the Castle.
The children were so creative in imagining a future for the Castle. Congratulations to Harley (aged 9) and Maxwell (aged 6) for their winning Lego entries (pictured).
The Morgan family put Ruperra Castle up for sale in 1935.
We love these photos from the time which show the Castle and grounds in all their glory. Five years later, with no buyer, the Castle was requisitioned for the training of soldiers.
Watch our film, Briars where once was greatness, which tells the story of the Castle from the mid-19th century until it was no longer lived in and up for sale, only being used for parties from 1909.
On 1 February 2022, the area around Ruperra Castle become a statutory protected Grade 2 registered historic park and garden which you can now view on Cof Cymru.
This is because the Statutory Register of Parks and Gardens in Wales of Special Historic Interest came into force. The new register replaced the non-statutory one that was first launched in 1994 in response to the growing awareness of the historic importance of designed landscapes and of their vulnerability to development pressure.
All registered historic parks and gardens that are of special historic interest are graded using a system like that used for listed buildings (I, II* and II). The historic layout, features and architectural ornaments of a park or garden are considered together when determining a grade.
The deer and landscape park plus the formal garden and pleasure grounds around Ruperra Castle have been recognised as Grade 2: parks and gardens of special interest. These make up around 67 per cent of the total number of registered parks and gardens in Wales. Regardless of their grade, all registered historic parks and gardens are treated equally within the planning system.
The image from Cof Cymru shows Grade 2* Ruperra Castle and surrounding outbuildings. It is also recognised as a Scheduled Ancient Monument, Site of Special Scientific Interest and now Grade 2 deer and landscape park plus formal garden and pleasure grounds.
Each registered historic park and garden is given a record where you can read a description and reason for designation. These can now be seen alongside Listed Buildings, Scheduled Ancient Monuments and World Heritage sites on Cof Cymru — National Historic Assets of Wales on Cadw’s website.
Registered historic parks and gardens
The new register was the culmination of several years’ work by the Royal Commission and Cadw working in partnership to update and enhance the records for the 400 sites across the country on the register, mapping the boundaries, writing statements of significance to justify their inclusion on the register, and liaising with the owners.
Registration identifies parks and gardens which are of special historic interest to Wales and helps to recognise all the special qualities so they can be protected for the benefit of future generations.
Historic parks and gardens are a fragile and finite resource that can be easily damaged or lost. It is important to raise awareness of their significance and to encourage those involved in their management to treat them as valuable and distinctive places. Through their care and commitment to safeguarding these precious assets, we will all be able to enjoy these historic parks and gardens of special historic interest now and in the future.
Wales became the first nation in the UK to recognise that historic parks and gardens should be protected in the same way as listed buildings and scheduled monuments, after passing the Historic Environment (Wales) Act 2016.
Find out more about registered historic parks and gardens
View Cof Cymru
Photo credit: Booker T Photography
Thank you to everyone that came to see us at one of our events over the last month to engage people in our vision and help us finish our new artwork - a reborn Ruperra Castle and gardens by artist Haf Weighton.
On 25 May we were sponsored at the Senedd by Hefin David, MS for Caerphilly, and chatted to Members of Senedd and the public.
On 1 June we held a community event at Rudry Parish Hall and guests were able to either take part in an art workshop or walk to the Castle.
The interest in the Castle was fantastic and it was wonderful to meet so many new people.
Our vision is to protect Ruperra Castle and the environmental surroundings of this historic site from inappropriate development. We want to own the Castle and use a range of funding streams to:
Find out more about our vision
South Wales artist, Haf Weighton, reveals her latest artwork, a reborn Ruperra Castle and gardens, involving members of the Senedd and the local community in visualising a future for the ruin.
Ruperra Castle has played a big part in the history of South East Wales but is currently a ruin at risk of collapse. We want to ensure a better future for Ruperra Castle, and the precious listed surrounding buildings and gardens, by campaigning to secure them to use for community benefit.
We are working with Haf to help others visualise a future for this important monument.
The community is invited to finish the artwork by creating a “stitched” person and help imagine a secure future for Ruperra to be enjoyed by generations. There are two opportunities to take part:
Hefin David MS said, “As MS for Caerphilly, Ruperra Castle is a very special place for me. Located in a beautiful newly designated greenbelt between Cardiff, Newport and Caerphilly town, it is a place to be cherished and I know that many of my constituents walk and cycle in the area. It is wonderful to see the local community engaging in a vision for the Castle’s future which I hope can be secured very soon.”
Artist Haf Weighton said, “I am so proud to be associated with Ruperra. I grew up in Lisvane and as a child I loved walking around the old ruins and imagining Ruperra in its former glory. I am delighted to be helping the local community to visualise how the castle could look once its new vision is finally realised.”
Find out more about Haf Weighton
Our vision is to protect Ruperra Castle and the environment and landscape around this historic site from inappropriate development. We want to own the Castle and use a range of funding streams to:
Read our vision
With thanks to Booker T Photography